Metoprolol vademecum indicaciones

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Metoprolol is a medication used to treat high blood pressure, chest pain (angina), and heart failure. It works by blocking the action of certain natural chemicals in your body, such as adrenaline, which affect the heart and blood vessels.

If you have been prescribed metoprolol, it is important to follow your doctor’s instructions carefully and take the medication as directed. Be sure to talk to your doctor about any questions or concerns you may have about metoprolol and its use.

Main benefits of Metoprolol

Metoprolol is a beta-blocker medication that is commonly used to treat high blood pressure, chest pain (angina), and heart failure. It works by blocking the action of certain natural chemicals in the body, which helps to lower the heart rate and blood pressure, reducing the workload on the heart.

One of the main benefits of Metoprolol is its ability to help manage and control high blood pressure, which can reduce the risk of heart attacks, strokes, and other cardiovascular problems. It can also help improve symptoms of angina, such as chest pain and shortness of breath, by increasing blood flow to the heart.

Additionally, Metoprolol has been shown to be effective in treating and preventing certain types of abnormal heart rhythms, such as atrial fibrillation. By regulating the heart rate and rhythm, Metoprolol can help maintain a normal and steady heartbeat, improving overall heart function and reducing the risk of complications.

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Overall, the main benefits of Metoprolol include its ability to control high blood pressure, manage chest pain, and prevent heart failure, making it a valuable medication for individuals with cardiovascular conditions.

What is Metoprolol?

What is Metoprolol?

Metoprolol is a medication that belongs to a class of drugs known as beta-blockers. It is commonly used to treat high blood pressure, chest pain (angina), and heart failure. Metoprolol works by blocking the action of certain natural chemicals in the body, such as adrenaline, that affect the heart and blood vessels. By reducing the workload on the heart and helping it beat more regularly, Metoprolol can help improve blood flow and decrease blood pressure.

Indications for use

Metoprolol is commonly prescribed to treat high blood pressure (hypertension) and chest pain (angina). It is also used to prevent heart attacks and reduce the risk of death from heart disease in patients who have had a heart attack. Additionally, Metoprolol may be prescribed for the treatment of certain types of irregular heartbeats (arrhythmias) and to improve symptoms and quality of life in patients with heart failure.

Dosage and administration

Metoprolol is typically taken by mouth with or without food as directed by your doctor. The dosage and frequency of administration will be determined by your healthcare provider based on your medical condition and response to treatment.


The usual recommended starting dose of metoprolol for most conditions is 25-100 mg once daily. Your doctor may adjust the dose gradually to achieve the desired effect.


Swallow the metoprolol tablet whole with a glass of water. Do not crush or chew the tablet as this may affect the release of the medication. It is important to take metoprolol exactly as prescribed by your doctor to get the most benefit from it.

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Potential side effects

Metoprolol is generally well-tolerated, but like any medication, it can cause side effects in some individuals. Common side effects include:

  • Fatigue
  • Dizziness
  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Upset stomach

If you experience any of these side effects and they persist or worsen, contact your healthcare provider. In rare cases, metoprolol may cause more serious side effects, such as:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Swelling of the hands or feet
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Chest pain
  • Mental/mood changes

If you experience any of these serious side effects, seek medical attention immediately. It’s important to discuss any concerns about potential side effects with your doctor before starting metoprolol.

Precautions and warnings

Before taking Metoprolol, it is important to be aware of the following precautions and warnings:

Pregnancy and breastfeeding

Metoprolol should be used during pregnancy only if clearly needed. It may pass into breast milk, so consult your healthcare provider before taking Metoprolol while breastfeeding.

Medical conditions

Medical conditions

If you have certain medical conditions such as heart problems, diabetes, liver disease, or asthma, inform your doctor before starting Metoprolol treatment. Adjustments to your dosage may be necessary.

Drug interactions Inform your doctor about all the medications you are currently taking, including prescription, over-the-counter, and herbal supplements. Metoprolol may interact with certain drugs, leading to potential side effects.
Allergic reactions If you have a history of allergic reactions to beta-blockers or any of the ingredients in Metoprolol, avoid taking this medication. Seek immediate medical attention if you experience signs of an allergic reaction.

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